by Imaam ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisee [d.620H], Mukhtasar Minhaaj al-Qaasideen
Flaws Pertaining to the Tongue:
There are various flaws which are related to the tongue and for which man finds special inclination in his heart towards stimulated by his human temperament. Silence is the only way with which man can escape from or get rid of such flaws. With this in mind it may be better to speak first about the virtue of silence before dealing with the flaws pertaining to the tongue.
First of all, it should be known that silence comprehends mans determination and rids his mind of wasteful thoughts.
It was reported that the Prophet [sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] said:
“Whoever can guarantee [the chastity of] what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs [his tongue and his private parts], I guarantee Paradise for him.”
[Reported by al-Bukhaaree]
Also, in the well known hadeeth reported on the authority of Mu’adh ibn Jabal [radee Allaahu ‘anhu], the Prophet [sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] took hold of his tongue and said: “Restrain this!” Mu’adh said: “O Messenger of Allaah, will what we say be held against us?” He [sall-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] said:
“May your mother be bereaved of you, Mu’adh! Is there anything that topples people on their faces – or he said on their noses – into Hell-fire other than the jests of their tongues?”
[Reported by at-Tirmidhee]
The noble companion, ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood said: “There is nothing that is in more need of imprisonment than my tongue.”
And Abu ad-Darda’ said: “Be just to your ears as [you are] to your tongue. You have been provided with two ears and [only] one tongue so that you may hear more than you speak.”
Yunus ibn Ubayd said: “I have never seen anyone mindful of his tongue except that it had a good effect on the rest of his deeds and actions.”