A story full of إحسان…

A good friend of mine recently shared something particlular interesting with regards to the usage of the word إحسان and its derivatives within surah Yusuf.

 وَلَمَّا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ ۥۤ ءَاتَيۡنَـٰهُ حُكۡمً۬ا وَعِلۡمً۬ا‌ۚ وَكَذَٲلِكَ نَجۡزِى ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

And when he reached the prime of his age, We gave him wisdom and knowledge, and this is how We reward those who are good in their deeds. 22

وَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ ٱلسِّجۡنَ فَتَيَانِ‌ۖ قَالَ أَحَدُهُمَآ إِنِّىٓ أَرَٮٰنِىٓ أَعۡصِرُ خَمۡرً۬ا‌ۖ وَقَالَ ٱلۡأَخَرُ إِنِّىٓ أَرَٮٰنِىٓ أَحۡمِلُ فَوۡقَ رَأۡسِى خُبۡزً۬ا تَأۡكُلُ ٱلطَّيۡرُ مِنۡهُ‌ۖ نَبِّئۡنَا بِتَأۡوِيلِهِۦۤ‌ۖ إِنَّا نَرَٮٰكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

And two men entered the prison with him. One of them said, “I have seen myself (in dream) pressing wine.” And the other said, “I saw myself carrying bread on my head of which the birds were eating. Let us know its interpretation. We see you are a man of good deeds.” 35

وَكَذَٲلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ يَتَبَوَّأُ مِنۡہَا حَيۡثُ يَشَآءُ‌ۚ نُصِيبُ بِرَحۡمَتِنَا مَن نَّشَآءُ‌ۖ وَلَا نُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

And thus We gave Yusuf power in the land. He could settle in it wherever he wished. We extend Our mercy to whomsoever We will, and We do not let the reward of the righteous people to go to waste. 56

قَالُواْ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلۡعَزِيزُ إِنَّ لَهُ ۥۤ أَبً۬ا شَيۡخً۬ا كَبِيرً۬ا فَخُذۡ أَحَدَنَا مَڪَانَهُ ۥۤ‌ۖ إِنَّا نَرَٮٰكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

They said, “O ‘Aziz  he has a father, a very old man. So, take one of us in his place. We see you are a generous man.” 77

قَالُوٓاْ أَءِنَّكَ لَأَنتَ يُوسُفُ‌ۖ قَالَ أَنَا۟ يُوسُفُ وَهَـٰذَآ أَخِى‌ۖ قَدۡ مَنَّ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡنَآ‌ۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ مَن يَتَّقِ وَيَصۡبِرۡ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ

They said, “Is it that you are, in fact, Yusuf?” He said, “I am Yusuf, and this is my brother. Allah has been very kind to us. Surely, whoever fears Allah and observes patience, Allah does not let the reward of such good people to go to waste.”90

Now what is really interesting is how Allah starts the surah off:

نَحۡنُ نَقُصُّ عَلَيۡكَ أَحۡسَنَ ٱلۡقَصَصِ بِمَآ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ وَإِن ڪُنتَ مِن قَبۡلِهِۦ لَمِنَ ٱلۡغَـٰفِلِينَ

By revealing this Qur’an to you, we hereby narrate to you the best narrative, while before this you were among those unaware (of it).2

Now all the above words are from the root word حسن(to read more about this:http://arabic.tripod.com/Roots.htm)

Sadly neither me or the brother have enough knowledge to discover the hikma behind the mircales usage of these words within the surah. Perhaps one day inshAllah.

Another useful link to help understand the above: http://yassarnalquran.wordpress.com/2011/12/17/better-deeds-best-reward/#more-1578

اللهم اجعلنا من المحسنين

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4 Comments

  1. March 28, 2012 at 8:57 am

    […] […]

  2. MuQeet said,

    March 28, 2012 at 9:55 am

    Assalamu Alaikum.
    Subhanallah! Thats’s why the glorious Qur’an is the miracle of all miracles!
    Brother, as I have a series of posts on Ihsaan, kindly go to this link.
    It may be of use to you and others, Inshaa’Allah:
    http://yassarnalquran.wordpress.com/category/beyond-excellence-the-making-of-a-muhsin/
    Jazakallah Khayr.

  3. Umm Sulaym said,

    March 28, 2012 at 6:02 pm

    Asalamoalaykum.

    In this Dunia, everything related to the ‘elite’ becomes popular. Their statements, their lifestyle, choices and dressing sense.

    Filth cannot be compared to that which is pure…

    However, it’s amazing how a qasas can be entitled as the best out of the virtue of the people it’s about, i.e. the Mohsineen…everything related to Mohsineen becomes ‘the best’, i.e. their mention, the special benefits they enjoy (ayah 90) and how everyone around Mohsineen can tell that they are a Mohsin (even those considered as ‘worst’ of society in morality,i.e. prisoners call Yusuf AS a Mohsin) because of the benefits they bring to the society through their generosity, knowledge,manners with people and Allah SWT (beautiful patience despite sorrow & difficulties), and attitude of unswerving Tawakul. SubhanAllah…the best story ever in which people are rewarded by a happy ending because of their continuous good hope in Allah SWT+ yaqeen in that He knows best why certain events were occurring…the following then becomes true for such individuals in Dunia itself: … فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ. Very inspirational for those who want to be the best…may Allah SWT resurrect us among them…ameen.

    BarakAllahu feekum to both brothers for this opportunity to ponder.

    A linguistic/thematic tafseer could be referred to for guidance…
    -UmmS.

  4. mogreen88 said,

    March 31, 2012 at 8:39 am

    Jazak Allahu khairan for the valued comments.


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